Computer made/mounted on velcro 4.0 inch-100mm
325th AIR CONTROL SQUADRON
Lineage. Constituted 325 Fighter Control Squadron on 31 Mar 1943. Activated on 1 Apr 1943. Disbanded on 31 Dec 1944. Reconstituted, and consolidated (15 Jun 1999) with the 325 Training Squadron, which was constituted as 325 Tactical Training Squadron on 14 Oct 1983. Activated on 15 Oct 1983. Redesignated: 325 Training Squadron on 1 Nov 1991; 325 Air Control Squadron on 7 Sep 2001.
Assignments. I Fighter Command, 1 Apr 1943; Twelfth Air Force, c. 15 Dec 1943; XII Fighter Command, 18 Dec 1943; 63 Fighter Wing, c. 13 May 1944 (under operational control of 210 Group, RAF, Sep-Oct 1944); 560 Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, 10 Nov-31 Dec 1944. 325 Tactical Training Wing, 15 Oct 1983; 325 Operations Group, 1 Sep 1991-.
Stations. Bradley Field, CT, 1 Apr 1943; Suffolk County AAB, NY, 12 Aug-30 Nov 1943; Casablanca, French Morocco, 15 Dec 1943; Nouvion, Algeria, 23 Jan 1944; Alghero, Sardinia, 13 May 1944; Calvi, Corsica, Jun 1944; St. Tropez, France, 1 Sep 1944; Lamanon, France, c. 18 Sep 1944; Pisa, Italy, 20 Oct 1944; San Petro, Italy, Dec-31 Dec 1944. Tyndall AFB, FL, 15 Oct 1983-.
Service Streamers. None.
Campaign Streamers. World War II: Rome-Arno; Southern France; Rhineland.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.
Decorations. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jun 1983-31 May 1985; 1 Jul 1993-30 Jun 1995; 1 Jul 1995-30 Jun 1996; 1 Jul 1996-30 Jun 1997; 1 Jul 1997-30 Jun 1999; 1 Jul 1999-30 Jun 2001; 1 Jul 2001-30 Jun 2002; 1 Jul 2002-30 Jun 2003; 1 Jul 2002-30 Jun 2004.
Emblem. Approved on 18 May 1999.
The 325th Air Control Squadron is one of six squadrons assigned to the 325th Operations Group, 325th Fighter Wing, Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla. The squadron’s primary responsibility includes training all U.S. Air Force, Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve officers in command and control mission execution as air battle managers in a variety of weapons systems in support of air expeditionary forces worldwide. Additionally, the squadron provides training for international officers in tactical command and control operations in a coalition environment and provides command and control support for the F/A-22 Raptor initial and transition training.
The “Screamin’ Eagles” began as the 325th Fighter Control Squadron in April 1943. In December 1943, the unit moved to North Africa to support the operations of the 325 FW and other American and allied flying units. Moving its radar with the front lines, the squadron saw action throughout the Mediterranean and Southern Europe and earned battle streamers for Rome, 1944; Southern France, 1944; and the Rhineland, 1945. The squadron was disbanded in early 1945, when German air activity had effectively ceased.
The 325 ACS finds its functional Tyndall roots back in 1947, when the Interceptor Weapons schoolhouse was established. USAF conducted controller training at Tyndall since that time, though enduring numerous mergers and name changes. The many aspects of controller training were consolidated into the 325th Training Squadron in the mid-90s, and that unit itself was re-designated as the 325th Air Control Squadron in 2001.
Today, the squadron instructs five comprehensive courses. The primary course is the nine-month Undergraduate Air Battle Manger Training course, where officers learn everything from radar theory to large force employment. Graduates of this course receive follow-on assignments to the combat Air Forces to perform air battle management on the E-3 Airborne Warning and Control System or the E-8 Joint Surveillance Targeting Attack Radar System. Additional courses include the Battle Manger Instructor Training Course, which teaches air battle managers from different backgrounds the skills necessary to instruct undergraduate students, and the Air Weapons Officer/Weapons Director Initial Qualification Training Course, which teaches previously qualified air battle managers and weapons directors the art and science of controlling live aircraft. The 325th ACS also conducts the International Air Weapons Controller Course and the Theater Air Operations Course, where officers from around the world are introduced to weapons control and theater air operations.
Air Battle Manager
History. Air Battle Manager (ABM) has been a rated career field (Air Force Specialty Code 13BX) since October 1, 1999. This means that ABMs are career aviators who receive flight pay and must actively fly a certain number of months (called gate months) to maintain their rating. As a result, all active duty ABMs and those assigned to the Air Force Reserve unit at Tinker AFB, OK are assigned to flying duties after completion of undergraduate training. In the past a small number of graduates were initially assigned to ground assignments in the Control and Reporting Centers (CRCs) but this practice ceased in 2004. ABMs serving in the Air National Guard are not necessarily assigned to flying units, but are typically assigned to a CRC unit, an Air Defense Sector, or at Air Operations Centers (AOC). ABMs do receive flight pay and earn rated aviator wings though they are not awarded them at the completion of UABMT. Under the old system, only ABMs who had completed follow-on training for the E-3 or E-8 were awarded wings to wear on their uniforms. As of May 2010, a new training syllabus at Tyndall AFB allows ABMs to receive their wings at the conclusion of UABMT, finally bringing them in line with pilots and navigators. As of December 31, 2010, the Air Force Personnel Center reported that there are currently 1,434 ABMs serving on active duty.
Training. Undergraduate Air Battle Manager Training (UABMT) for the active US Air Force, Air National Guard, and Air Force Reserve is conducted by the 325th Air Control Squadron at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. Training at Tyndall is academically challenging from the start to the end, and the wash out rate varies from class to class. There are, at most, 12 officers that make up a class but the average is about 10. About one to three will never achieve Combat Mission Ready status at their line squadron, either due to washing out of training at Tyndall or advanced training at their next base. By the time an individual finally finishes training, they would acquire 15 credit hours towards a Master degree and on average nine credit hours will be recognize by a university as an elective course,i.e University of Oklahoma. From there, active duty officers are sent for additional training at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma (for the E-3) or Robins AFB, Georgia (for the E-8). A select few will be sent to Geilenkirchen AB, Germany to train on the NATO AWACS (E-3A.) Small numbers are also assigned to overseas assignments at either Elmendorf AFB in Anchorage, AK, or Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan to fly on the E-3 once the follow on training at Tinker is completed. In the past, ABMs received their wings from Air Combat Command or from NATO once their flight training was completed, making it the only line rated career field that received its wings outside of AETC. However, as of May 2010, a new training syllabus has begun. Aimed at overhauling the entire course, the new syllabus places significant emphasis on the aeronautical ratings that mission-ready ABMs currently enjoy. Subsequently, all ABM student (except Air National Guard Officers belonging to CRC units) under the new syllabus will receive their wings at the conclusion of UABMT at Tyndall. Students under the new syllabus will also receive flight pay while taking the course.
Responsibilities. Air Battle Managers (ABMs) are primarily responsible for command and control. Their primary duty is to ensure the day to day air mission is executed. These duties depend on the overall military operation. For air to air engagement, using either airborne or land-based radars, ABMs ensure combat aircraft find, identify, and destroy their targets by providing the pilots with a “big picture” that increases their situational awareness. ABMs can provide early warning for inbound enemy aircraft and direct friendly assets to intercept them. As their title implies, ABMs control the air battlespace. To ensure the air mission is completed, ABMs aid the fight, they keep track of all the assets in the area of operations to ensure deconfliction, safety of flight for all friendly aircraft. Although ABMs do notâ€”and are not qualified toâ€”serve as air traffic controllers, their role in deconfliction and flight safety makes air traffic control the closest civilian analogue to the ABM’s role. Most if not all countries that have a ABM equivalent in their military also have ABMs be dual-qualified in civilian Air Traffic Control. This is true in the Canadian Air Force, Royal Air force, and most of Europe. In a few cases where there was a lack of air traffic control services in a combat environment, Air Battle Managers have picked up this additional duty with commercial aircraft. ABMs are trained to control the fight and ensure mission execution, not the traffic pattern or solely deconfliction and flight safety. Additionally, ABMs plan, organize and task air combat operations. ABMs must be well versed in all combat aircraft systems and tactics; this includes U.S built aircraft and foreign built aircraft as well as their respective munitions, and as well as ground based threats to aircraft as they may be assigned to work with any weapons system at any time. As a result, their expertise is often called upon in an advisory role by the Air Force’s sister services or other allied military forces.
Duty Positions. There are different crew duty positions an Air Battle Manager may be qualified to perform during his career. On both the E-3 and E-8 and in a CRC they begin as an Airborne Weapons Officer (AWO), responsible for the direct control of weapons systems in the fight. This position also has several jobs that can be considered a position during a military operation,i.e. strike controller, OCA, DCA. From there, ABMs may upgrade to several different positions, depending on the platform they are serving on. Two positions common to all platforms are the Senior Director (SD), who directs the Weapons Section (consisting of Weapon Directors and AWOs), and the Mission Crew Commander (MCC), a senior ABM who controls the entire operations crew. ABMs in charge of the surveillance section are called Air Surveillance Officers (ASOs) on the E-3, or Sensor Management Officers (SMOs) on the E-8. The Electronic Combat Officer (ECO), another upgrade position for AWOs,is only found on the AWACS platform and is in charge of operating certain sensors aboard the E-3. ABMs may also serve as instructors and evaluators in whatever crew position qualification they maintain. With addition to their flying duties, ABMs also have office duties. At an AOC, ABMs may be tasked to work in various departments to include Operations (A3) or Plans (A5). When working in A3, ABMs may be tasked with various duties to include Offensive Operations Duty Officer, Defensive Operations Duty Officer, Command and Control Duty Officer, Joint Interface Control Officer, and Liaison Officers to name a few. Within A5, ABMs help plan future operations.
Platforms. Air Battle Manager career paths typically place personnel on several platforms: AWACS, Joint STARS, Control and Reporting Centers (CRCs) or Air Operations Centers (AOC). The first two involve flying positions on the E-3 Sentry or E-8 JSTARS, respectively. Both of these aircraft are highly modified Boeing 707 airframes equipped with long-range radars and other sensor systems. The E-3 typically supports air-to-air operations, while the E-8 JSTARS supports air-to-ground operations. CRCs are land-based mobile radar sites, part of the Ground Theater Air Control System (GTACS). AOCs are the senior node of the Theater Air Control System. ABMs may also serve in various staff positions at higher echelons.